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Tobit 4a

 

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The text below comes from the first half of Tobit, Chapter 4 (with some omissions). Remember back in Chapter 1, how Thobi had once traveled to Rages in Media, where he deposited money with a man named Gabael? That is how the stories of Thobi and Sara are going to start to be knit together: Tobit will send his son to Media, which is also were Sara lives. Rages and Ecbatana were probably about 200 miles distant from one another (and Ecbatana itself was about 400 miles from Nineveh, Tobit's home).

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In illa die
rememoratus est Thobi
pecuniae,
quam commendaverat Gabael
in Rages Mediae.

Thobi: Hebrew name (nominative)

quam: relative pronoun, agreeing with pecuniae in gender and number

Gabael: Hebrew name (dative)
Rages: Hebrew name (locative)

Et dixit in corde suo:
"Ecce:
ego postulavi mortem.
 
Quid non voco
Thobiam, filium meum,
et indicabo illi
de hac pecunia,
quam commendavi,
antequam moriar?"

Thobiam: Hebrew name (agrees with filium)

quam: relative pronoun, agreeing with pecunia in gender and number

moriar: subjunctive in expression of time (antequam)

Et vocavit
Thobiam, filium suum,
et venit ad illum.
Thobiam: Hebrew name (agrees with filium)
Et dixit illi:
"Fili, cum mortuus fuero,
sepeli me diligenter
 
et honorem habe matri tuae
et noli derelinquere illam
omnibus diebus vitae suae,
et fac
quod bonum est
in conspectu eius,
et noli contristare
spiritum eius
in ullo.

derelinquere...contristare: complementary infinitives with noli

quod: relative pronoun without stated antecedent, fac (hoc) quod

Memor esto eius, fili,
quoniam multa pericula vidit
propter te in utero.
 
Cum mortua fuerit,
sepeli illam iuxta me
in uno sepulcro.
 
Et omnibus diebus tuis, fili,
Dominum in mente habe
et noli velle
peccare
et praeterire praecepta illius.

velle: complementary infinitive with noli

peccare...praeterire: complementary infinitives with velle

Ex substantia tua, fili,
fac eleemosynam
et noli avertere faciem tuam
ab ullo paupere,
ne a te avertatur
facies Dei.

avertere: complementary infinitive with noli

avertatur: subjunctive with ne

Praemium enim bonum
reponis tibi in diem necessitatis,
quoniam eleemosyna
a morte liberat
et non sinit ire in tenebras.

enim: postpositive

ire: complementary infinitive with sinit

Attende tibi, fili,
ab omni fornicatione.
 
Uxorem, primum, accipe
ex semine parentum tuorum
et noli sumere uxorem alienam,
quae non est ex tribu patris tui.

primum: adverbial ("first and foremost")

sumere: complementary infinitive with noli

quae: relative pronoun, agreeing with uxorem in gender and number

 


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