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Tobit 3a

 

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The text below comes from the first half of Tobit, Chapter 3 (with some omissions). Now you will see how the Book of Tobit actually consists of two distinct stories that are very artfully entwined with each other. This chapter starts out with Thobi praying to God in his despair... and at the same time, there is a woman, in the far-away city of Ecbatana, the capital of Media, who also finds herself in a desperate situation, after a demon has strangled her seven bridegrooms, one after another.

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Et, contristatus animo
et suspirans,
ploravi
et coepi orare
cum gemitibus:
orare: complementary infinitive with coepi
"Iustus es, Domine,
et omnia opera tua
iusta sunt.
 
Et nunc, Domine,
memor esto mei
et respice in me;
 
et nunc, secundum
quod tibi placet,
fac mecum
et praecipe
recipi spiritum meum,
ut dimittar a facie terrae
et fiam terra,

quod: relative pronoun without stated antecedent, secundum (hoc) quod

recipi: complementary infinitive with praecipe, expressing a command (spiritum meum is the accusative subject of the infinitive)

dimittar...fiam: subjunctives with ut

quia expedit mihi
mori
magis quam vivere,
quoniam improperia falsa audivi,
et tristitia multa est in me."
mori...vivere: complementary infinitives with expedit
Eadem die
contigit Sarae,
filiae Raguel,
qui erat Ecbatanis Mediae,
ut et ipsa audiret improperia
ab una ex ancillis patris sui,

Raguel: Hebrew name (genitive)

qui: relative pronoun, agreeing with Raguel in gender and number

audiret: subjunctive with ut (contigit...ut)

et ipsa : adverbial use of et (she too...)

quoniam tradita erat
viris septem,
et Asmodeus,
daemonium nequissimum,
occidebat eos,
antequam
cum illa fierent,
sicut est solitum mulieribus.
fierent: subjunctive in a statement of time (antequam)
Et dixit illi ancilla:
"Tu es,
quae suffocas viros tuos.
quae: relative pronoun, agreeing with tu in gender and number
Ecce, iam tradita es
viris septem,
et nemine eorum fruita es.
 
Quid nos flagellas
causa virorum tuorum,
quia mortui sunt?
 
Vade cum illis,
nec ex te videamus
filium aut filiam
in perpetuum."
videamus: hortatory subjunctive (expressing a wish: may we not see...)
In illa die
contristata est animo
puella
et lacrimata est
 
et ascendens
in superiorem locum
patris sui
voluit laqueo se suspendere.

ascendens...voluit : participle plus verb (she went up... and intended to...)

suspendere: complementary infinitive with voluit

 


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