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Latin Gospel Passion Narratives: Matthew 10

Here is the text taken from the Evangelium secundum Matthaeum. Scroll down the page for a segmented version of the text, with some grammar notes to help you in your reading.

There is a brief audio sample provided, and you can download the complete audio recording (total length: 38 minutes) from lulu.com.

27:20-30 Principes autem sacerdotum et seniores persuaserunt turbis, ut peterent Barabbam, Iesum vero perderent. Respondens autem praeses ait illis: "Quem vultis vobis de duobus dimittam?" At illi dixerunt: "Barabbam!" Dicit illis Pilatus: "Quid igitur faciam de Iesu, qui dicitur Christus?" Dicunt omnes: "Crucifigatur!" Ait autem: "Quid enim mali fecit?" At illi magis clamabant dicentes: "Crucifigatur!" Videns autem Pilatus quia nihil proficeret, sed magis tumultus fieret, accepta aqua, lavit manus coram turba dicens: "Innocens ego sum a sanguine hoc; vos videritis!" Et respondens universus populus dixit: "Sanguis eius super nos et super filios nostros." Tunc dimisit illis Barabbam; Iesum autem flagellatum tradidit, ut crucifigeretur. Tunc milites praesidis suscipientes Iesum in praetorio congregaverunt ad eum universam cohortem. Et exuentes eum, clamydem coccineam circumdederunt ei et plectentes coronam de spinis posuerunt super caput eius et arundinem in dextera eius et, genu flexo ante eum, illudebant ei dicentes: "Ave, rex Iudaeorum!" Et exspuentes in eum acceperunt arundinem et percutiebant caput eius.

Here is a segmented version of the text to help you in your reading comprehension.

27:20
Principes
autem sacerdotum
et seniores
persuaserunt turbis,
ut peterent Barabbam,
Iesum vero perderent.

autem: postpositive

peterent...perderent: subjunctive with ut

vero: postpositive

27:21 Respondens autem
praeses ait illis:
"Quem vultis
vobis
de duobus dimittam?"

respondens...ait : participle plus verb (he answered... and said...)

autem: postpositive

dimittam = ut dimittam, subjunctive with ut

At illi dixerunt:
"Barabbam!"
 
27:22 Dicit illis
Pilatus:
"Quid igitur faciam
de Iesu,
qui dicitur Christus?"

igitur: postpositive

qui: relative pronoun, agreeing with Iesu in gender and number

Dicunt omnes:
"Crucifigatur!"

crucifigatur: jussive subjunctive

27:23 Ait autem:
"Quid enim mali
fecit?"

autem: postpositive

enim: postpositive
quid...mali: split phrase - partitive genitive

At illi
magis clamabant
dicentes:
"Crucifigatur!"

clamabant...dicentes : participle plus verb (they shouted... and said...)

crucifigatur: jussive subjunctive

27:24 Videns autem
Pilatus
quia nihil proficeret,
sed magis tumultus fieret,
accepta aqua,
lavit manus
coram turba
dicens:

autem: postpositive

proficeret...fieret: subjunctive of attributed thought

videns...lavit...dicens : participle plus verb (he saw... and washed... and said)

accepta aqua : ablative absolute

 

"Innocens ego sum
a sanguine hoc;
vos videritis!"
videritis: subjunctive as imperative
27:25 Et respondens
universus populus dixit:
"Sanguis eius
super nos
et super filios nostros."

respondens...dixit : participle plus verb (the people answered... and said...)

sanguis eius = sanguis eius est

27:26 Tunc
dimisit illis
Barabbam;
 
Iesum autem
flagellatum
tradidit,
ut crucifigeretur.

autem: postpositive

crucifigeretur: subjunctive with ut

27:27 Tunc milites praesidis
suscipientes Iesum
in praetorio congregaverunt
ad eum
universam cohortem.

suscipientes...congregaverunt: participle plus verb (they took... and gathered...)

27:28 Et exuentes eum,
clamydem coccineam
circumdederunt ei
exuentes...circumdederunt: participle plus verb (they undressed... and wrapped around...)
27:29 et plectentes coronam
de spinis
posuerunt super caput eius
et arundinem in dextera eius
plectentes...posuerunt: participle plus verb (they wove... and placed...)
et,
genu flexo
ante eum,
illudebant ei
dicentes:
"Ave, rex Iudaeorum!"

genu flexo: ablative absolute

illudebant...dicentes: participle plus verb (they taunted... and said...)

27:30 Et exspuentes in eum
acceperunt arundinem
et percutiebant caput eius.
exspuentes...acceperunt: participle plus verb (they spat... and took...)

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